Most criminal cases are disposed of by a guilty plea. A guilty plea usually begins when a prosecutor makes a plea offer to the defense. Among the factors a prosecutor considers are the nature of the crime alleged, the defendant’s criminal history, and any input from the alleged victim. Once the prosecution makes a plea offer, the defense can make a counter-offer or simply accept the state’s offer. The end result of the discussions between the prosecution and defense is a negotiated plea agreement which is in essence a contract between the state and the accused. Clue v. State, 273 Ga. App. 672 (2005). The judge cannot participate in the plea negotiations between the prosecution and the defense. However, the prosecution and defense can present a proposed plea agreement to the judge, and the judge is allowed to indicate whether he/she is likely to accept the plea as presented. Uniform Superior Court Rule 33.5. A defendant entering a guilty plea gives up the right to a jury trial and all defenses the person may have at trial including the right to remain silent and the right to question the witnesses against him. However, a defendant does not have a right to plead guilty, and the judge is not required to accept the guilty plea. Bullard v. State 263 Ga. 682 (1993). If the judge decides not to accept a negotiated sentence, the defendant can take back the plea of guilty, and the fact that the defendant wanted to plead guilty cannot be used against him at trial. Shoemake v. State, 213 Ga. App. 528 (1994). Likewise, a defendant may not mention during trial the prosecutor’s offer of a negotiated plea. Davis v. State, 255 Ga. 598 (1986). In addition to a negotiated guilty plea, a defendant may enter a non-negotiated plea. In a non-negotiated plea, the prosecutor and defense have not reached any agreement as to sentence. They can make a recommendation to the judge, but once the judge makes a decision, the defendant cannot take his plea back. Skinner v. State, A09A0773. The defendant has essentially thrown himself on the mercy of the court and has to accept the sentence the judge imposes. A defendant may enter a guilty plea without admitting that he is in fact guilty of the crime. This plea is called an Alford plea after the case North Carolina v. Alford, 400 U.S. 25 (1970). However, if the plea is a negotiated plea, the state must agree to the Alford plea. Even if the state does not oppose an Alford plea, the judge does not have to accept the defendant’s Alford plea. Jackson v. State, 251 Ga. App. 578 (2001). A motion to withdraw a guilty plea must be brought within the same term of court that the plea was entered. The terms of court are found in O.C.G.A. § 15-6-3. However, neither the judge nor the prosecutor has to tell the defendant at the time of the plea that he has to ask to withdraw his plea during the term of court. Bennett v. State, A08A0589. A defendant who files a motion to withdraw his guilty plea during the term of court is entitled to have a lawyer appointed to assist him in challenging the guilty plea. Fortson v. State, 272 Ga. 457 (2000). After the term of court, the judge has no authority to withdraw a guilty plea, and the defendant must challenge the guilty plea by a habeas corpus action. Davis v. State, 274 Ga. 865 (2002). There is no unqualified right to appeal from a guilty plea. An appeal from a guilty plea is only permitted if the issues the defendant wants to raise can be determined by a review of the transcript of the guilty plea. Clayton v. State, S09A0531.